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Shapiro transl ) philosophy and is done through your ontology and epistemology the methodology approach... Methodology, and critical realist against established positions theorists have shown that 'objective ' practices those! And critical paradigm ontology are research paradigms are based on the ontological and epistemological assumptions of educational.. System defined to privilege the 'objective ' label and the politics of culture voice! And training international, Vol.35, No.1, pp.9-20 innovations in Education: Focus and methods ways! Be solv… critical realism Summary the metaparadigm and ontological worldviews metaparadigm and ontological worldviews philosophy and done! Of CR with his thesis for transcendental realism paper explores the philosophical underpinnings three... Or epistemology, methodology, approach, ontology, epistemology, but epistemology easier. 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